Common Types of Civil Cases

Have you read about anyone facing a civil suit in court? If so, have you ever wondered what it meant?  There will always be instances when you get to come across the term “civil case”. The first reaction for anyone involved in such cases would be to seek the guidance of a legal consulting group like H1 Law Group.  But, what does a civil case really mean?

What is a civil case

A civil case involves a conflict, typically over money matters, between organizations or individuals.  It usually begins when a plaintiff claims that another person’s or business’ actions have caused him harm.  The purpose is to ask the court to award “damages” or compensation.  Both parties can have the assistance of their legal councils in a civil case.  However, they can also choose to represent themselves.

Types of Civil Cases

  • Torts

A tort is a civil case wherein one person charges another for causing him emotional or physical harm.  This type of civil case has different forms. Some cases relate to a person’s financial security, his well-being, or the safety of his property.  Some torts relate to accident and injury, including cases of battery or assault.  A person can also file a tort against another person who neglects to perform his assigned duty; for example, a caregiver who was careless in his duties.

  • Property disputes

These are disagreements about the ownership of a piece of property or damages to the property of one person or real estate.  One example of such a dispute is when property or boundary lines are being crossed. In this case, one person alleges that his neighbor crossed his property for planting or constructing a building or any structure.

  • Contract Disputes

This occurs when one or more of the parties who entered into a contract fails to fulfill their obligations.  This is sometimes the result of a contract with vaguely stated terms, thereby creating different expectations.

  • Class Action Cases

This kind of civil case is similar to a tort.  However, instead of having just one individual as plaintiff, the class action case is filed by a group of persons who have all suffered injuries from the same thing.  This usually happens when many people were injured because of a faulty product or they were exposed to hazardous chemicals.

  • Complaints Against the City or Government

A person can file a civil case against the city or government.  He can file such a case if he believes that the laws or policies enacted by the city have caused harm to its inhabitant. However, both parties generally settle this out of court.

At any time during the progression of a civil case, any of the parties concerned can agree to resolve their dispute.  They can decide to reach a compromise for their mutual benefit.  This helps them avoid the expense that goes with a trial or even avoids the risk of losing in one.  The settlement of civil cases usually involves the payment of money by one party to the other.  There can also be a restructuring of such payment to make it easily enforceable.

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